Because the eyes are delicate organs, they should be treated with the greatest of care. Children should not be allowed to use the most sharp-pointed instruments because of the danger of injuring the eye or falling in the instrument. The following points should be remembered when caring for eye injuries:
- If any type of chemical gets into the eyes, it should be washed out immediately with plenty of water for 15 minutes.
- The first aider should never attempt to remove an embedded object from the eye. The eye should be covered with an eye pad.
- If a foreign object gets into the eye, the eye should not be rubbed. Rubbing the eye with a foreign object in it, especially if it a sharp particle such as cinder, may cause a corneal scratch.
- If a child gets a small foreign object on the eyelid or sclera (white part of the eyeball), the teacher may attempt to remove it with a wet sterile gauze. If the object cannot be removed readily, a physician is needed.
- The use of any kind of sharp object should be avoided when removing foreign particles from the eye.