Creatine is an organic acid that naturally occurs in vertebrates and helps to supply energy to all cells in the body including the muscle.This process is enabled by the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).Creatine was discovered by Michel Eugene Chevreul in 1832 .This nutrient is produced in the kidneys and liver before being transported in the blood for use by muscles. Basically about 95 percent of this nutrient is located in the skeletal muscles. Normally athletes, wrestlers, sprinters and bodybuilders use creatine supplements to gain muscle. The following are reasons why you should be taking creatine:
Treatment of muscle disorders
Studies have shown that creatine treatment increased muscle strength in people with muscular dystrophies. The study also showed that creatine improved functional performance as well as decreasing mutagenesis in DNA.
Improved cognitive ability
Emerging evidence suggests that creatine has the ability to improve fluid intelligence. Researchers who published their finding in the prestigious Neuroscience journal discovered that people who took 5 grams of creatine daily for 6 weeks were able to repeat longer sequences of numbers from memory and had higher overall IQ scores than those who did not take supplement.
Have you been trying to build up strength but are unable to achieve the desired muscle tone? The good news is that creatine might be able to take you to the next level. A research conducted in California indicated that consuming creatine will assist your muscles to make phospocreatine which gives you the ability to perform better at intense strength-building exercises. People who engage in heavy lifts for shorter rep counts should also consider taking creatine-rich foods such as salmon, beef, pork and tuna.
Many professional sporting bodies such as National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) allow both amateur professional athletics to use creatine. Well-known athletes including Sammy Sosa, Mark McGuire and John Elway have acknowledged using the nutrient; this is one of the reasons why you should be taking creatine. The NCCA has indicated that they do not intend to ban this supplement unless there is sufficient medical evidence to show that it is harmful.
Treatment of diseases
Creatine is used to slow down the worsening of rheumatoid arthritis, Lou Gehrig’s disease and other muscular disorders. This nutrient is also used for congestive heart failure, bipolar disorder and Parkinson’s disease. There is also evidence to suggest that this substance is helpful in managing cholesterol levels, eye and nerve disorders.
Studies have indicated that creatine is twice as effective in extending the lives of mice with degenerative neural disease .This is attributed to the neuroprotective effects of this nutrient which increased the availability of energy to injured nerve cells or blocking chemical pathways that leads to the death of cells. A promising result has also been obtained that indicated that creatine can be used to delay the development of hyperglycemia.
One of the reasons why you should be taking creatine is that it helps in muscle regeneration. In 2004 a study was conducted to show that creatine had properties that helped to regenerate damaged muscle cells as result of strenuous athletic activities. After studying 18 male athletes who used 20 grams of creatine monohydrate daily for 5 days combined with 60 grams of maltodextrine, the researchers discovered that levels of these markers were reduced after a long race unlike 16 control subjects who only took maltodextrine. The researchers concluded that creatine supplements reduced cell damage and inflammation after exhaustive exercise.
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